• Overview


Nonfiction texts dominate work and school spaces. Being able to navigate the different elements of these texts is essential for success. Just like fictional pieces, nonfiction texts often follow the rule and format of specific genres. Design documents, for example, use color, images, and formatting to communicate. Though reading images is not a new skill for most students, the complexity of the schematics and data visualizations can be overwhelming. Combining the text and the visuals to create meaning is the ultimate goal.


  • CCSS Alignment (Nonfiction) RI 8.1 – 8.9


Primary Resources



Converstation Starters



Non-fiction Design Books

Persuasive Products


A piece defining a need ; A piece critiquing a current design; A piece presenting a new design idea


Informative Products

An explanation of a design process; How-to guides; A sketch or representation of abstract concept; A visual encyclopedia of key terms, events, or moirés of a time period.

Design Elements

 Elements of style like harmony, balance, or dissonance; Concepts like less is more or Form vs. Function

Objectives - Student will Defend, Inform or Analyze:



1. Claim with market research/data

2. Trends & forecast possibilities

3. Targeted sales/impact goals

4. Materials/costs/uses of the design

5. Influential designs/inventors

6. Choices between form & function or risk & responsibility

7. Use of realistic/abstract concepts

8. Use of repetitious/dissonant ideas

9. Choices made when elaborating/simplifying

10. Originality, Feasibility, Fuction of a design/idea

11. Precision/efficiency of a design

12. Areas the design does not cover & why

13. How tools/ideas have evolved over time

14. Immediate/secondary impacts of design

15. What-if situations or alternative uses