• Overview

    • Nonfiction texts dominate work and school spaces. Being able to navigate the different elements of these texts is essential for success. Just like fictional pieces, nonfiction texts often follow the rule and format of specific genres.
      Historical documents are evaluated in very different ways from modern text to ensure they are authentic. When historians read they practice skills like sourcing, contextualizing, and corroborating perspectives. By analyzing primary text and finding similarities and conflicts between various perspectives, students begin to understand the complexity of our past.

  • CCSS Alignment (Nonfiction) RH 8.1 – 8.9


Primary Resources



Conversation Starters



Non-fiction History Books

Persuasive Products


An "eye witness" report of the time period; Documentaries; Biographies; News reports from the time period; Historical reconstructions; How-to guide based in a time period; Collection of artifacts


Informative Products

An explanation of a design process; How-to guides; A piece describing elements of style like harmony, balance, or dissonance; A sketch or representation of abstract concept; A visual encyclopedia of key terms, events, or moirés of a time period

Key Themes

Cultural norms; Zeitgeist; Civilization; Power; War; Politics; Push & pull factors; Social class; Liberty; Freedom; Government; Paradigms; Urbanism; Etymology; Establishing Historical Significance


Objectives - Student will Defend, Inform or Analyze:




1. A historical problem/mystery or global conflict

2. How people/places/time periods impact events

3. Influential historical figures/beliefs/events

4. Distribution of resources/justice across populations

5. How language used influences thought/culture

6. Sequence/geography of events or people

7. Factors that cause conflict between cultures

8. Push/pull factors influencing the flow of ideas

9. Conflicts between individual freedoms & civic responsibilities

10. What really happened vs. what people remember

11. Stability factors like governments/languages/belief systems

12. Relevant  perspectives from diverse social classes/cultures

13. Daily events in cultures to avoid generalizations

14. How cultures are dynamic/ people adapt

15. Who benefited most from historical events

16. Time periods avoiding anachronisms

17. Social/cultural/economic/civic impacts

18. Elements left out of historical reconstructions

19. The evolution of an tradition/belief/language

20. The ripple effect of an event throughout time/scale

21. Change factors that result in paradigm shifts