• Overview



    • Goal: Testing Replicable Solutions


Like the engineer, a scientific research is interested in finding repeatable solutions. The key difference is that the researcher approaches this work by narrowing the influences studied. Shifting and winnowing are key skills for a scientific researcher.


  • CCSS Alignment (Research) RI 8.1-8.4, 8.8;  RST 8.2--8.6, 8.8-8.9; W 8.1 & 8.10


Mind Map Worksheet



Excellent Scientific Websites

Mind Maps


If/then Branching Flow Charts; Classification Charts;  Hierarchical Pyramids, Root Cause Analysis (Herring Bone); Statistical and Computational Equations


Inquiry models; If/then models; Correlation models; Trial and error; Root-cause analysis; Cost-benefit analysis; Dialectic process; Scientific method

Note Taking Tools

Outlines; Catalogs of Clues; Observation Journals; Fraser note-taking mode, Compare/contrast Note Taking; Procedural steps

Common Sources

Experimentation; Catalogs of specimens; Lab Journals and videos; Experimental Data; Surveys; Catalogs of specimens; Observational notes; Procedural directions; Eye witness reports Research article; Diagnostics; Graphs & Formulas; Diagnostic Flow Charts; Classification Charts; Experimental Data

Objectives - Student will:



1. Define a question about an issue/policy

2. List stakeholders concerned about the issue

3. Design survey/interview/meeting questions

4. Control to ensure data is represents population

5. Collect a variety of related perspectives

6. Highlight the outliers

7. Make sure plan isn't duplicating other efforts

8. Take notes on verbal conversations

9. Organize ideas into clusters of consensus

10. Apply leadership models to describe conclusions

11. Narrow goal due to capacity issues

12. Don't allow assumptions to taint interpretation

13. Plan who/what/when/where

14. Verify plan represents perspectives surveyed

15. Expand goal/perspectives included

16. Make sure all perspectives are represented