• Overview

Nonfiction texts dominate work and school spaces. Being able to navigate the different elements of these texts is essential for success. Just like fictional pieces, nonfiction texts often follow the rule and format of specific genres. Scientific studies for example follow a particular format. They often start with an abstract and then discuss the hypothesis, methods, findings. The end of the report typically connects the findings to other studies and discusses impacts or next steps. Knowing this about the genre allows readers to quickly move toward the section that they are most interested in.



  • CCSS Alignment (Nonfiction) RST 8.1- 8.9


Primary Resources



Conversation Starters



Non-fiction Science Books

Persuasive Products


A piece arguing the cause of an event; A prediction ; A piece arguing the relevancy or accuracy of an already stated premise; A piece substantiating a pre-existing claim; A piece presenting a new definition or classification of a term or event; A legal argument; A philosophical argument

Informative Products

A demonstration of an experiment; An explanation of commonly accepted phenomena; A Forensics Report; An explanation of procedures; An explanation of expected and unexpected results


Situation specific vs. Generalizable; Correlation vs. causality; Parallel vs. interesting connections; Fact vs. fiction; Intended vs. unintended; Classification and identification; Bias; Comparing different kinds of evidence; Ranking, quantifying and predicting; Diagnosing and treating a problem; Inspecting and testing

Objectives - Student will Defend, Inform or Analyze:



1. The causes & effects

2. Scientific hypothesis

3. Influential scientists/theories/models

4. Impact of human behaviors

5. By visualizing data with charts/graphs

6. With algebraic equations/catalogs/lists

7. Observations logically & argument

8. Scientific/math theories to confirm/negate ideas

9. Variations/complexity surrounding the problem

10. The structure/function

11. Ethical issues faced by scientists

12. Phenomena with models/laws/mechanisms/theories

13. Factor that create stability/change

14. The quantity/scale/proportions involved

15. How the  problem was isolated

16. Sustainability/evolution of  the solution

17. Correlated factors/causal factor

18. Precision/reliability of the methods used

19. Results/impacts of experimentation

20. Address flaws/constraints in scientific approach

21. How the problem has evolved

22. Evaluate & contrast areas for further testing

23. How the solution/problem might change over time